Published on Jul 13, 2022

Today’s virtual reality (VR) technology started upon ideas that dates back to the 1800s. In 1838, the first stereoscope photos and viewers were invented, using twin mirrors to project a single image that later developed into the popular View-Master stereoscope, patented in 1939 and still used today.

1929 - Edward Link created the Link Trainer, patented in 1931, the first flight simulator

1930s - Science fiction writer, Stanley G. Weinbaum, predicted VR

1950s - Cinematographer Morton Heilig developed the Sensorama, patented in 1962, an arcade-style theatre cabinet that would stimulate all the sense

1960 - Morton Heilig next invention was the Telesphere Mask, patented in 1960, the VR head mounted display (HMD)

1961 - Comeau and Bryan developed the first precursor to the HMD, the Headsight

1965 - Ivan Sutherland described the "Ultimate Display" concept

1966 - Also known as the grandfather of VR, Thomas Furness is credited with kick starting the development of modern flight simulator technology

1968 - Ivan Sutherland and his student Bob Sproull created the first VR/AR HMD (Sword of Damocles) that was connected to a computer

1969 - Myron Kruegere, a virtual reality computer artist, developed a series of experiences which he termed "artificial reality"

1972 - General Electric produced a computerized flight simulator

1975 - Krueger's VIDEOPLACE was the first interactive VR system, though it did not feature any sort of headset

1977 - MIT created the Aspec Movie Map

1979 - The McDonnel-Douglas HMD (Vital Helmet), the first proper example of a VR HMD, used outside of the lab

1982 - Finger tracking gloves for VR called "Sayre" gloves were invented by Daniel Sandin and Thomas DeFanti

1985 - VR pioneers Jaron Lanier and Thomas Zimmerman found VPL Research, the first ever VR company to sell HMDs and gloves

1986 - Furness invented the Super Cockpit

1987 - Virtual Reality: the name was born

1989 - NASA got into VR and created Project VIEW

1991 - Virtuality Group launched a range of VR arcade games and machines

1991 - A NASA engineer Antonio Medina developed VR Mars Rover

1992 - The Lawnmover Man movie introduced the concept of VR

1993 - Sega announced the Sega VR headset

1994 - Release of the Sega VR-1

1995 - The Nintendo Virtual Boy (originally known as VR-32) was the first ever portable 3D gaming console

1997 - Georgia Tech and Emory University collaborated to use VR for the treatment of PTSD in war veterans

1999 - The Matrix movie brought the topic of simulated reality into the mainstream

2007 - Google enhanced its maps service with street-level 360-degree images

2010 - Google Street View went 3D and the Oculus was prototyped

2012 - Palmer Lucky creator of a kit VR headset that anyone can make, launched a Kickstarter to fund the Oculus and developed is prototype headset, the Rift

2014 - Facebook bought Oculus and Sony announced their VR project

2016 to 2017 - The year that everyone unleashed VR products that were ready for primetime

2018 - Oculus showed off a new HMD prototype known as the "half dome"

2018 - Standalone VR was on the rise while mobile VR dying

2019 to today - VR is shifting rapidly

For full article: History Of Virtual Reality - Virtual Reality Society (

Credit to Virtual Reality Society

Author Name: Team D-Virtual Park Bangi